Dominated by Castle Hill, site of the imposing Hungarian Royal Palace, Buda is a natural bastion. In the thirteenth century, the then separate cities of Buda and Pest were endangered by Mongol raids, to which Pest succumbed in the 1241-1242. Buda Castle (Budai Var) is a vast palace in Budapest’s Castle Quarter housing a series of museums including the National Gallery. Perhaps of most interest to travelers, however, is the Buda Castle. Buda Castle (Budai Var) is a vast palace in Budapest’s Castle Quarter housing a series of museums including the National Gallery. It is housed in the Buda Castle, and this is it is also called the Castle Museum, and is divided into four floors: the basement, bottom floor, first floor and second floor.. Collection. In the thirteenth century, the then separate cities of Buda and Pest were endangered by Mongol raids, to which Pest succumbed in the 1241-1242. Budapest history is not the least bit boring, though the city was born only in 1873, with the unification of Buda, Pest and Óbuda.The three city parts were developing separately for centuries.. Budapest experienced many wars, invasions, liberations, just to be reoccupied again.But she is a tough a lady, always manages to survive and miraculously revive. Several different museums are present at this historic landmark, providing visitors with the opportunity to learn about everything from local history to the life of famous Hungarian illusionist, Harry Houdini. This imposing edifice has a storied history, and it is undoubtedly one of the top things to do in Budapest. The defenders of the castle finally attempted to break the Soviet blockade on 11 February, but utterly failed, leaving 90% of the soldiers dead on the sidestreets of Buda. In contrast, highly urbanized Pest, situated on the Danube’s flat east bank, was exposed through the centuries to a host of invaders from the east — most notably Mongols, Ottomans, Russians, and … The walkway that has the best view of the Buda side, rimmed by trees that were planted it the 19th century. It mainly consists of the Royal Palace, Szent György tér, the Fisherman’s Bastion, Matthias Church and the historical residential quarter. Buda Castle was the last major strongpoint of Budapest held by Axis forces (Germans and Hungarians) during the siege of Budapest between 29 December 1944 and 13 February 1945. History of the Budapest Castle In the Castle Hill area, visitors can see everything from the Hungarian National Gallery to the Budapest History Museum. A well-known host for many different exhibits and events, the Buda Castle is located on Castle Hill, on the Buda side of Budapest. It is one of the most beloved parts of the Castle District with its view over towards the Buda Hills, with the highest hill of Budapest, the János Hill with Elisabeth lookout tower on its top. The various wings of the Buda Castle host cultural institutions, most importantly the Budapest History Museum and the Hungarian National Gallery. The Museum’s collection features objects of Hungarian everyday life and recreates certain living spaces and traditional rooms in Hungarian’s traditional culture. Buda Castle – Where history embraces you The Buda Castle and its complex of historical buildings make up the Castle District, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1987. The Budapest History Museum is organizing an exhibition in 2021 about an international humanitarian aid campaign during which more than 60,000 children traveled abroad to gain back their strength, both physically and mentally, after the ordeals of war.